Q. What does peer-review mean?
If your instructor asked you to use peer-reviewed or scholarly/academic sources, but you don't know what that means, keep reading.
Generally speaking, peer-reviewed articles go through a process similar to this one:
- A scholar does research, writes about the results, and submits it as an article to a journal in his or her field
- The editor of the journal receives the article and sends it out for peer-review
- Peer-reviewers, who are experts in the field, read the article and provide feedback to the editor.
- The editor sends the reviewers' comments to the author for revision.
- If the article meets editorial and peer-review standards, it is published.
Some characteristics of peer-reviewed articles include:
- Technical terminology (written for other scholars in the field)
- Author(s) usually have an advanced degree and are affiliated with a university
- Extensive list of works cited
- Outside sources are referenced and in-text (or parenthetical) citation is used
- Usually contains an original research study of some kind
- Often contains an abstract and literature review
To learn more, take a look at this short video: Peer Review in 3 Minutes.
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